Working speed optimization of the fully automated vegetable seedling transplanter

Published: 26 March 2024
Abstract Views: 316
PDF: 120
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal operating speeds for a low-speed automated vegetable transplanter that utilized a modified linkage cum hopper-type planting unit. A biodegradable seedling plug-tray feeding mechanism is employed by the transplanter. Using kinematic simulation software, the planter unit’s movement was simulated under various operating conditions. The resulting trajectories were compared based on variables like plant spacing, soil intrusion area, soil intrusion perimeter, and horizontal hopper displacement in the soil. It was discovered that the best results occurred at 200, 250, and 300 mm/s and 40, 50, and 60 rpm combinations. Following testing in a soil bin facility, it was discovered that the ideal operating speeds performed well when transplanting pepper seedlings, with measured plant spacing that was nearly identical to the theoretical spacing. While the planting angle in various speed combinations was found to be significantly different, but still within acceptable bounds, the planting depth in each case did not differ statistically. The optimal speed combinations that were chosen resulted in minimal damage to the mulch film. The best speeds for the transplanter were found through this investigation, and these speeds can be used as a foundation for refining the other mechanisms in the transplanter.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations

Dou, Z., Li, Y., Guo, H., Chen, L., Jiang, J., Zhou, Y., Xu, Q., Xing, Z., Gao, H., Zhang, H., 2021. Effects of Mechanically Transplanting Methods and Planting Densities on Yield and Quality of Nanjing 2728 under Rice-Crayfish Continuous Production System. Agronomy 11, 488. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11030488
Du, S., Yu, J., Wang, W., 2018. Determining the minimal mulch film damage caused by the up-film transplanter. Adv. Mech. Eng. 10, 168781401876677. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814018766777
Durga, M.L., Rao, A.S., Kumar, A.A., 2020. Performance Evaluation of Single Row-Low Horse Power Tractor Operated Vegetable Transplanter. Curr. J. Appl. Sci. Technol. 37–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2020/v39i4431149
Edmonds, W.A., Kennedy, T.D., 2017. An Applied Guide to Research Designs: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. SAGE Publications, Inc, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks California 91320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781071802779
Hwang, S.-J., Park, J.-H., Lee, J.-Y., Shim, S.-B., Nam, J.-S., 2020. Optimization of Main Link Lengths of Transplanting Device of Semi-Automatic Vegetable Transplanter. Agronomy 10, 1938. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121938
Iqbal, M.Z., Islam, M.N., Ali, M., Kabir, M.S.N., Park, T., Kang, T.-G., Park, K.-S., Chung, S.-O., 2021a. Kinematic analysis of a hopper-type dibbling mechanism for a 2.6 kW two-row pepper transplanter. J. Mech. Sci. Technol. 35, 2605–2614. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-021-0531-2
Iqbal, M.Z., Islam, M.N., Chowdhury, M., Islam, S., Park, T., Kim, Y.-J., Chung, S.-O., 2021b. Working Speed Analysis of the Gear-Driven Dibbling Mechanism of a 2.6 kW Walking-Type Automatic Pepper Transplanter. Machines 9, 6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9010006
Islam, M.N., Iqbal, M.Z., Ali, M., Chowdhury, M., Kabir, M.S.N., Park, T., Kim, Y.-J., Chung, S.-O., 2020. Kinematic Analysis of a Clamp-Type Picking Device for an Automatic Pepper Transplanter. Agriculture 10, 627. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120627
Islam, M.N., Iqbal, M.Z., Ali, M., Chowdhury, M., Kiraga, S., Nur Kabir, M.S., Lee, D.-H., Woo, J.-K., Chung, S.-O., 2022. Theoretical transmission analysis to optimize Gearbox for a 2.6 kW automatic pepper transplanter. J. Agric. Eng. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jae.2022.1254
Ji, J., Cheng, Q., Jin, X., Zhang, Z., Xie, X., Li, M., 2020. Design and test of 2ZLX-2 transplanting machine for oil peony. Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng. 13, 61–69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25165/j.ijabe.20201304.5695
Jin, X., Cheng, Q., Zhao, B., Ji, J., Li, M., 2020. Design and test of 2ZYM-2 potted vegetable seedlings transplanting machine. Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng. 13, 101–110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25165/j.ijabe.20201301.5494
Jo, J.S., Okyere, F.G., Jo, J.M., Kim, H.T., 2018. A Study on Improving the Performance of the Planting Device of a Vegetable Transplanter. J. Biosyst. Eng. 43, 202–210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201700174
Kalmpourtzidou, A., Eilander, A., Talsma, E.F., 2020. Global Vegetable Intake and Supply Compared to Recommendations: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 12, 1558. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061558
Kumar, G.V.P., Raheman, H., 2008. Vegetable Transplanters for Use in Developing Countries—A Review. Int. J. Veg. Sci. 14, 232–255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19315260802164921
Kumar, G.V.P., Raheman, H., 2011. Development of a walk-behind type hand tractor powered vegetable transplanter for paper pot seedlings. Biosyst. Eng. 110, 189–197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.08.001
Liu, T., Hou, S., Zhao, X., Yin, L., Yin, C., Wang, Q., 2009. Computer aided analysis of planting mechanism of the seedling transplanter. In: 2009 International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation. IEEE, pp. 38–41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMTMA.2009.118
Maynard, D.N., Hochmuth, G.J., 2007. Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers, 5th ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470121474
Park, J.-H., Hwang, S.-J., Nam, J.-S., 2018. Operational Characteristics of a Domestic Commercial Semi-automatic Vegetable Transplanter. J. Agric. Life Sci. 52, 127–138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14397/jals.2018.52.6.127
Park, S H, Cho, S.C., Kim, J.Y., Choi, D.K., Kim, C.K., Kwak, T.Y., 2005. Development of Rotary Type Transplanting Device for Vegetable Transplanter. J. Biosyst. Eng. 30, 135–140. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5307/JBE.2005.30.3.135
Park, S. H., Kim, J.Y., Choi, D.K., Kim, C.K., Kwak, T.Y., Cho, S.C., 2005. Development of Walking Type Chinese Cabbage Transplanter. J. Biosyst. Eng. 30, 81–88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5307/JBE.2005.30.2.081
Paudel, B., Basak, J.K., Kaushalya Madhavi, B.G., Kim, N.-E., Lee, G.-H., Choi, G.-M., Choi, Y.-W., Kim, H.T., 2022. Properties of paper-based biodegradable pots for growing seedlings. Hortic. Environ. Biotechnol. 63, 793–807. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-022-00457-z
Reza, M.N., Islam, M.N., Chowdhury, M., Ali, M., Islam, S., Kiraga, S., Lim, S.-J., Choi, I.-S., Chung, S.-O., 2021. Kinematic Analysis of a Gear-Driven Rotary Planting Mechanism for a Six-Row Self-Propelled Onion Transplanter. Machines 9, 183. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9090183
Shim, S.., Kim, Y.., Yang, S.., Lee, S.., Lee, D.., 2016. A Study on Trace of Hopper of the Transplanter. In: Korean Society of Agricultural Machinery. Korea, pp. 201–202.
Sri, M., Hwang, S.-J., Nam, J.-S., 2022. Experimental safety analysis of transplanting device of the cam-type semi-automatic vegetable transplanter. J. Terramechanics 103, 19–32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jterra.2022.07.001
Srivastava, A.K., Goering, C.E., Rohrbach, R.P., Buckmaster, D.R., 2006. Engineering Principles of Agricultural Machines, 2nd ed. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, MI.
Statistics Korea, 2021. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery Survey in 2021 [WWW Document]. http://kostat.go.kr/. URL http://kostat.go.kr/portal/eng/index.action (accessed 12.22.22).
Tsuga, K., 2000. Development of fully automatic vegetable transplanter. Japan Agric. Res. Q. 34, 21–28.
Wen, Y., Zhang, J., Tian, J., Duan, D., Zhang, Y., Tan, Y., Yuan, T., Li, X., 2021. Design of a traction double-row fully automatic transplanter for vegetable plug seedlings. Comput. Electron. Agric. 182, 106017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2021.106017
Xue, X., Li, L., Xu, C., Li, E., Wang, Y., 2020. Optimized design and experiment of a fully automated potted cotton seedling transplanting mechanism. Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng. 13, 111–117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25165/j.ijabe.20201304.5317

How to Cite

Paudel, B., Basak, J. K., Jeon, S. W., Lee, G. H., Deb, N. C., Karki, S. and Kim, H. T. (2024) “Working speed optimization of the fully automated vegetable seedling transplanter”, Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 55(2). doi: 10.4081/jae.2024.1569.