An active-optical reflectance sensor in-field testing for the prediction of winter wheat harvest metrics

Published: 16 February 2024
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The ambition of this study was to justify the possibility of wheat trait prediction using a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from a newly developed Plant-O-Meter sensor. Acquired data from Plant-O-Meter was matched with GreenSeeker’s, which was designated as a reference. The experiment was carried out in the field during the 2022 growing season at the long-term experimental field. The experimental design included five different winter wheat genotypes and 20 different NPK fertilizer treatments. The GreenSeeker sensor always gave out NDVI values that were higher than those of the Plant-O-Meter by, on average, 0.029 (6.36%). The Plant-O-Meter sensor recorded similar NDVI values (94% of the variation is explained, P<0.01). The Plant-O-Meter’s NDVIs had a higher CV for different wheat varieties and different sensing dates. For almost all varieties, GreenSeeker exceeded Plant-O-Meter in predicting yields for the early (March 21st) and late (June 6th) growing seasons. NDVIGreenSeeker data improved yield modeling performance by an average of 5.1% when compared to NDVIPlant-O-Meter; in terms of plant height prediction, NDVIGreenSeeker was 3% more accurate than NDVIPlant-O-Meter and no changes in spike length prediction were found. A compact, economical and user-friendly solution, the Plant-O-Meter, is straightforward to use in wheat breeding programs as well as mercantile wheat production.

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How to Cite

Kostić, M. M., Ljubičić, N., Aćin, V., Mirosavljević, M., Budjen, M., Rajković, M. and Dedović, N. (2024) “An active-optical reflectance sensor in-field testing for the prediction of winter wheat harvest metrics”, Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 55(1). doi: 10.4081/jae.2024.1559.